Despite the temperamental English weather, Spongebob and I took a little journey to central London to see the crown jewels in the Tower of London! Spongebob was a little scared of the Guards with the big hats! But he loved seeing all the beautiful jewels – unfortunately due to security we weren’t allowed to take very many photos at the tower of london, and it is forbidden in the vault where the jewels are kept, so I found some pictures from the royal website so you can see them. While the crowns were nice – it was the jewels in them that were truly fascinating. Spongebob’s favorite was the Cullinan Diamond in the royal Scepter, I must admit I think it was mine too!
The Cullinan diamond is the largest gem-quality diamond ever found, at 3106.75 carats, 10.5 cm (4.1 inches) it was found on 26 January 1905 in ,South Africa. The largest polished gem from the stone is named Cullinan I or the Great Star of Africa, . Cullinan I is now mounted in the head of the Sceptre with the Cross. The second largest gem from the Cullinan stone, Cullinan II or the Second Star of Africa, at 317.4 carats is the fourth largest polished diamond in the world. Both gems are in the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom.
The Koh-i-noor, Known as “the mountain of light” is believed to have originated in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India together with its double, the Darya-ye Noor (the “Sea of Light”). The diamond has belonged to many dynasties, includingKakatiya Rajputs, Mughal, Afsharid, Durrani Empires, Sikh and British. It was seized as a spoil of war time and time again. In 1850, the diamond was confiscated from the Sikh Empire by the British East India Company and became part of the British Crown Jewels when Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India in 1877
The Tower of London has played a prominent role in English history. It was besieged several times and controlling it has been important to controlling the country. The Tower has served variously as an armoury, a treasury, a menagerie, the home of theRoyal Mint, a public records office, and the home of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom The Imperial State Crown is 31.5cm high, weighs 0.91kg and is set with over 3,000 precious stones, including the 317 carat Cullinan II diamond.